After a long hiatus, new excavations at the Roman colony of Cosa began in June 2013 and focused on the bath complex.
Excavations at Cosa, Italy, resumed in the summer of 2013 under the auspices of Florida State University, Bryn Mawr College, and the University of Tübingen.
They investigated the structure and chronology of Cosa’s bath complex, which, though noted by Brown in the seminal Cosa I, previously remained unexcavated.
This first season (2013) focused on four primary locations within the bath block and revealed impressive interior and exterior architectural remains and artifacts, including brickstamps and inscriptions, datable to the Hadrianic period and later.
One of the main areas of interest for the 2013 season was the laconicum (typically a circular feature used as a heated space similar to a modern sauna, although with dry heat). The laconicum, as it existed in 2013, (see figure above, center-right) still contained large pieces of vaulting, which would have domed the space. Early in the excavation, a crane was used to systematically remove the large fragments of fallen vaulting from the laconicum in order to facilitate further excavation. With the pieces of vaulting removed, we were able to exposed several features in the area, including what may have been a furnace that heated the room.
2013 EXCAVATION SUMMARY
Focus – The Bath Complex
Trenches – 5
Participating Universities – 3
Large marble inscription